Our people

Professor Kenneth Boyd - Honorary Vice-President

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Professor Kenneth Boyd teaches Medical and Biomedical Ethics in the College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine of the University of Edinburgh. He is an Associate Editor of the Journal of Medical Ethics and a former General Secretary of the Institute of Medical Ethics. He chairs the Boyd Group on the Use of Animals in Science and the Steering Committee of Gengage, the Scottish Healthcare Public Engagement Network, and is a member of the BBSRC’s Bioscience for Society Strategy Panel. He is College Cleric of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, of which he was elected a Fellow in 1997. He was editor of the Pond Report on the Teaching of Medical Ethics (1987)’, and co-editor with R Higgs and AJ Pinching of The New Dictionary of Medical Ethics (1997). He is author of numerous papers on medical ethics and humanities, including most recently ‘Genetic Models of Disease Resistance in Livestock: “What Does Our Conscience Want?”’, SCRIPT-ed (2008) 5:1; 161-167 and ‘Coleridge, Medical Research and Metaphysical Imagination’ The Coleridge Bulletin NS 33 Summer 2009:13-23.

Dr Ruth Bromley - Trustee

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Ruth Bromley is the Lead for Ethics & Law at Manchester Medical School and a Clinical Fellow in Ethics, Law & Clinical Communication Skills at University Hospital South Manchester. She has been involved in undergraduate teaching for over a decade. When she is not teaching, Ruth is a GP, GP Appraiser and a Governing Body Member of South Manchester CCG Board. She sits on the Greater Manchester Police & Crime Commissioner's Independent Ethics Committee, which works to guide Greater Manchester Police on ethical aspects of its work.

Ruth's professional qualifications include MBChB, MRCGP and a PGCE. Her areas of clinical interest include Child Health & Safeguarding. She has an MA in Ethics of Cancer & Palliative Care and retains a close interest of End of Life issues, particularly the continued debate around Active Euthanasia & Physician Assisted Suicide. Her dissertation looked at the limitations to patient choice in state-funded healthcare, an issue which feels more pertinent as each year passes!

Professor Alastair Campbell - Honorary Vice-President

Alastair CampbellChen Su Lan Centennial Professor in Medical Ethics, and Director of the Centre for Biomedical Ethics, National University of Singapore, Alastair Campbell is the author of eight books in medical ethics and over 90 book chapters and journal articles. Recent books include Health as Liberation (Pilgrim Press, 1995); Medical Ethics, 4th Edition, co-authored with Grant Gillett and Gareth Jones (Oxford University Press, 2005) and The Body in Bioethics (Routledge-Cavendish, in press).


Dr Silvia Camporesi

Silvia Camporesi is a Lecturer in Bioethics & Society at King's College London, and Programme Director of the new Master's programme in Bioethics & Society (launched in September 2014). Silvia's research interests lie at the intersections of genetics, ethics and society, with a special interest in sport.

Her first book, "From Bench to bedside to track & Field: the context of enhancement and its ethical relevance", was published for University of California Medical Humanities Press in 2014.

Silvia was formerly at the Centre for Humanities & Health at King's College London and at the Department of Anthropology, History and Social Medicine at University of California, San Francisco.

Enya Cooney - Observer

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I am currently in my 4th year of Medicine at University College London. Although I had been interested in law generally since college, my specific interest in medical law was discovered and developed under the guidance of Professor Margaret Lloyd whilst undertaking her "Student Selected Component" on Euthanasia in year 1 of the MBBS program. With her continued support and encouragement, I decided to spend a year at Kings College London undertaking an iBSc in Medical Ethics and Law. I thoroughly enjoyed my year at King's, and am indebted to my professors (which included the IME's own Carolyn Johnson) for bringing to light my passion for ethics and expanding, developing and deepening my understanding of ethical theory and medical law, as well as teaching me to appreciate the various shades of grey when applying theory to practice. On my return to UCL I have become involved in expanding the ethics and law curriculum and making the student body more aware of the importance of "everyday ethics" in clinical practice. I am looking forward to providing the students' viewpoint to the IME in through my new role as a student observer.

Dr Merryn Ekberg

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Dr Merryn Ekberg completed her PhD on the Ethical, Legal and Social Issues of Medical Genetics at the University of Melbourne. She then worked as a postdoctoral fellow before moving to England to work as a Senior Lecture in Bioethics at the University of Northampton. Her research explores the ethical, legal and social aspects of medical genetics, assisted reproductive technologies and stem cell science. Her most recent papers have explored the ethical and legal issues arising from surrogacy and her current work is an exploration of the ethical issues arising from embryonic stem cell research.

Dr Angela Fenwick

Angela Fenwick is Associate Professor in Medical Ethics and Education in the CELS unit (Clinical Ethics and Law) at the University of Southampton. She leads the ethics and law teaching for undergraduate medical students; teaches on a cross faculty interdisciplinary ethics module; and co-leads a masters module on the ethical, legal and social implications of genomic medicine. Angela has many years' experience of medical education and in particular developing and evaluating educational programmes. Her research focuses on ethical and social aspects of genetic and genomic medicine; the use of the body in medicine; and the limits of individual autonomy.

Dr Lucy Frith - Trustee

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Dr Lucy Frith is Senior Lecturer in Bioethics and Social Science in the University of Liverpool's Medical School. Her research focuses on the social and ethical aspects of health-care decision-making, policy and regulation, with particular interest in empirical ethics and socio-legal approaches. She has carried out research on pregnancy and childbirth; reproductive technologies (gamete and embryo donation); research ethics (clinical trials and public involvement and cross-cultural issues in consent); and the use of evidence in practice and policy. She has held visiting fellowships at the Centre for Research in Arts, Social Science and Humanities (CRASSH) at the University of Cambridge and the Centre for Medical Ethics and Law at the University of Hong Kong.

Dr Zoe Fritz

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Zoë Fritz is a Consultant Physician at Cambridge University Hospitals and a Wellcome Fellow in Bioethics, based between Warwick and Cambridge Universities. She became interested in the possible negative effects of DNACPR orders while working as a Registrar in Acute Medicine and Intensive Care, and has conducted research on the use, ethics, and understanding of DNACPR orders. She and her colleagues in Cambridge have developed and assessed an alternative approach to DNACPR orders, the Universal Form of Treatment Options (UFTO) which contextualises the resuscitation decision amongst other treatment decisions, and is completed for all patients. Her current work is looking at the relationship between trust and questioning, particularly in the acute care setting, and investigating whether there is an optimal amount of information to share with patients.

Zoë Fritz is a clinical research fellow and medical registrar in acute medicine at Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge. She represents junior doctors on the governing body, and is helping to plan methods to keep clinicians educated and interested in medical ethics. Zoë introduced an “affirmation ceremony” at Imperial College, London to help make doctors aware of the responsibilities they were taking on, and co-wrote “affirmation of a new doctorhttp://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/323/7327/1440. She is currently undertaking research examining the effects of “Do Not Attempt Resuscitation” orders on clinical care, and is developing and evaluating an alternative approach to resuscitation and other treatment decisions. She is committed to using rigorous scientific method to assess and improve both clinical process and ethical standards.

Professor Raanan Gillon - President


Raanan Gillon is a hybrid of retired GP and philosopher. He is Emeritus Professor of Medical Ethics at Imperial College London, where he still does some teaching, mainly tutoring on the medical school's medical ethics and law course and also on the Imperial College one week intensive course in medical ethics, aimed primarily at practising doctors, which he has directed since he started it in 1983. He is past chairman and now president of the Institute of Medical Ethics and a member of the British Medical Association's Medical Ethics Committee and also of its International Committee. He was editor of the Journal of Medical Ethics for 20 years and a part-time NHS general practitioner for 28 years. He has published extensively on medical ethics and his elderly book 'Philosophical Medical Ethics' is in its 13th print, with a second edition in 'very prolonged gestation'. He was senior editor of and contributor to a massive and prize winning multi-author textbook, Principles of Health Care Ethics. In 1999 he was co-recipient with Alastair Campbell (the medical ethicist, not the political aide) of the American Hastings Center Beecher award for contributions to ethics and the life sciences. He is an enthusiastic proponent of 'the four principles approach' both for medical ethics and for ethics in general.

Phil Greenwood - Chief Executive

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Phil Greenwood joined the Institute of Medical Ethics in early 2013, bringing with him nearly 20 years of experience in the not-for-profit sector. Having spent three years managing a membership organisation charity in the blood transfusion field that produced a medical journal, a regular newsletter and arranged conferences, there is a very close synergy with the work that the IME undertake.

Professor Roger Higgs - Honorary Vice-President

Roger Higgs has worked for over 30 years in south London as general practitioner and academic. He founded a single-handed practice that went on to be a major multidisciplinary group, and started the Department of General Practice and Primary Care at Kings College School of Medicine (now Kings College). Awarded MBE as service developer and educator, he has published in these areas as well as medicine and bioethics. His particular interests in the latter are case analysis, truth telling and narrative approaches, and books include In That Case with Alastair Campbell and the New Dictionary of Medical Ethics with Kenneth Boyd and Anthony Pinching. He also contributed to the writing of an early medical 'soap'.

Dr Carwyn Hooper - General Secretary

Carwyn Rhys_HooperDr. Carwyn Rhys Hooper is a Senior Lecturer in Medical Ethics and Law at St George's, University of London. He has studied medicine, philosophy, medical education and, courtesy of a PhD, law. He has research interests in global health ethics, public health ethics and the use of novel e-Learning resources in the teaching and assessment of medical ethics. He is a member of St George's NHS Foundation Trust Clinical Ethics Committee. He is also a columnist/blogger for The Conversation.


Dr Carolyn Johnston - Education Project Manager

JohnstonCarolyn140x180I am Adviser in Medical Ethics and Law at the School of Medical Education, Faculty of Life Sciences & Medicine, King's College London. I teach ethics and law throughout the undergraduate curriculum, on postgraduate courses and I am module leader for the law module on the Intercalated BSc 'Medical Ethics and Law'. I am particularly interested in the use of film to teach medical ethics and I have made several short film vignettes with the help of medical students (including the IME film 'She Wants to Go Home'). I have set up a Student Clinical Ethics Committee at King's and an Institutional Grant from the IME has enabled medical students from other medical schools to attend. 

My research focuses currently on advance decision-making and patient narrative.

Dr Richard Knox

Richard Knox is an academic general practitioner, who has worked in the NHS for 15 years and in undergraduate medical education for ten years. His clinical work is in an inner city practice in Leicester. He is a clinical associate professor in primary care education at the University of Nottingham School of Medicine. He is deputy director of the Primary Care Education Unit (PCEU), having joint oversight of all undergraduate primary care education delivered by the School.

Richard is academic lead for professionalism and ethics for the undergraduate programme in Nottingham, and chairs the School's Student Support and Professionalism committee, which has oversight of the 'Doctor as Professional' domain of the programme.

Dr Wing May Kong MA, PhD, FRCP - Chair


Wing May Kong is a consultant physician in endocrinology and diabetes at Central Middlesex Hospital, London and the Vertical Theme Head for Ethics, Professionalism, Leadership and Management in the Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London. In 2002, following a PhD in neurobiology, she completed the MA in Medical Ethics and Law at King’s College London. In 2006 Wing May Kong took over responsibility for the undergraduate curriculum in Medical Ethics and Law at Imperial College. In this role she has developed a vertical learning program that focuses on the integration of ethics and law learning in the early undergraduate years into everyday clinical practice. She is also actively involved in the clinical training of both undergraduates and trainee doctors. Between 2000-September 2011 she was on the editorial board of the Drugs and Therapeutics Bulletin, a monthly journal which reviews the evidence base for medical and surgical interventions in the UK. As a consultant endocrinologist, she has a special interest in the diabetic foot.

Professor Margaret Lloyd - Honorary Vice-President & Chair of Grants & Bursaries

mLLOYD 3Margaret Lloyd is Emeritus Professor of Primary Care and Medical Education at University College London. She qualified at St Mary’s and then had a varied career as a Lecturer in Medicine at the London Hospital Medical College, occupational physician at the Institute of Occupational Medicine in Edinburgh and then academic general practice. She has a particular interest in medical ethics and law having obtained an MA at Kings College London and LLM at Cardiff University. At UCL she led the development of the Professional Development Spine of the undergraduate medical curriculum before retiring in 2006. She continues to teach at UCL and to work as a general practitioner in north London.

Dr Elizabeth Macleod FACRRM - Trustee

Consultant in Emergency Medicine and teacher in Medicine Ethics and Law. Dr Elizabeth Macleod studied Law in London and Medicine at Cambridge University taking her Bachelors degree with Honors and her Masters degree in Medicine with her thesis in Medicine, Ethics and Law -1978. She was Licensed to practice Medicine at the Apothecaries of London in 1982 and took Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery degrees with Honors at Cambridge in 1985.  She practiced Emergency Medicine on the Central coast of NSW Australia for many years, until returning to the UK in 2007. While in Australia she became a Fellow of the College of Rural and Remote Medicine and also took her Masters in Law degree at UWS School of Law in 2004.

She is a Founding Member of the Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine (Royal College of Physicians of England) and has the Diploma in Forensic Medical Sciences. (London). Currently, she works at Homerton Hospital and the Royal London Hospital Emergency Departments. Her interest in clinical medicine is in Trauma and in Child Abuse and teaching Clinical Emergency Medicine and Medicine Ethics and Law.

Dr Laura Machin - Trustee

Laura MachinDr Laura Machin is social science trained, and has always been interested in medical ethics. In 2008, she completed her Ph.D. at the University of Leeds on the Social and Ethical Context of Embryo Donation, funded by a Wellcome Trust Biomedical Ethics grant. Laura went on to act as a research fellow at the University of York on the ESRC funded project exploring the Political and Moral Economy of Cord Blood Banking, and the NIHR funded project on the Implications for the NHS of Inward and Outward Medical Tourism. A particular highlight for Laura was being invited to speak on the matter of cord clamping and cord blood banking at the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.

In May 2011, Laura took up a Lectureship in Medical Ethics at Lancaster Medical School. She has plans to establish a Social Seminar Programme on Medical Ethics involving colleagues at the local Hospitals and the University, as well as a setting up a Debating Society for students from across the University. She is the School's representative on the Faculty Research Ethics Committee.

Laura currently offers modules on the social and ethical aspects of the donation of body parts, blood and tissues, as well as assisted conception. Since coming to Lancaster, she has become the Co-Convenor for the British Sociological Association Human Reproduction Study Group, and has been awarded funding from the National Gamete Donation Trust to carry out research examining egg and sperm donor satisfaction. Laura wishes to expand her research and teaching interests to incorporate the social and ethical issues involved in transplantation.

Laura has a growing publication record in predominately medical practitioner journals, with articles on how the needs of IVF patients and embryo donors are perceived by those working within clinics, and how the roles of those working within assisted conception clinics or maternity units have responded to the introduction of embryo donation or cord blood banking respectively.

Dr David Molyneux - Trustee

Dr David Molyneux is a GP and a GP Trainer from East Lancashire. He is involved in GP postgraduate education throughout the NW England Deanery, and runs medical ethics courses for GPs and GP Registrars locally. He is a Personal Tutor and a Medical Ethics tutor at Leeds University. His research interests concern the relationship between autonomy and welfare, and he recently completed a Doctorate in Medical Ethics at Keele University.

Emma Nottingham

Emma Nottingham is a doctoral researcher and tutor at Southampton Law School and will be undertaking a position as a lecturer in law at the University of Winchester from September 2015. Emma joined the Institute of Medical Ethics Research Committee last year and has enjoyed contributing ideas and working with other members of the medical ethics community. Emma's research interests include healthcare law, medical law and ethics, bioethics, children's rights, sexual and reproductive health and family law. In 2014, Emma convened the Postgraduate Bioethics Conference and has since helped to establish a Postgraduate Bioethics Committee.

Emma edits the blog Paediatric Bioethics www.paediatricbioethics.wordpress.com. Follow Emma on twitter @EmmaCNottingham @paediatricbiomma

Dr Graeme Peters

Dr Graeme Peters (MB ChB Bristol 1977, MRCP 1981, MRCGP and DRCOG 1988 , MA Med Ethics & Law 2005) is an Associate Fellow and Lecturer in Medical Ethics at Exeter University Medical School. He has worked in a variety of hospital settings in the UK, West Indies and New Zealand. From 1988 until his retirement in 2013 he worked in General Practice with community hospital work in general medicine and endoscopy. He has a particular interest in DNR decision making.

Louis Resnick - Observer

I am currently a medical student in my fourth year of study at the University of Edinburgh. My interest in medical ethics was sparked as a result of the ethics content in the Edinburgh curriculum, as lead by the IME's very own Professorlouis resnick Kenneth Boyd. In 2012/13 I decided to build on this interest by undertaking an Intercalated BSc in Medical Ethics and Law at King's College, London, the legal content of which was delivered by the venerable Carolyn Johnston. I had a fantastic year, finding myself at home in a discursive environment and discovering unknown passions for the philosophic texts of Plato and Aristotle. Following my induction back into the medical mainstream I am grateful for my role in the IME as a means to keep a finger in the medical ethics pie. I look forward to providing a student voice for the Institute as it continues to grow and develop.

Professor Julian Savulescu - Editor in Chief, Journal of Medical Ethics

Julian Savulescu 2Professor Julian Savulescu holds the Uehiro Chair in Practical Ethics at the University of Oxford. He is Director of the Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics within the Faculty of Philosophy. He is Director of the Oxford Centre for Neuroethics, which is one of three strategic centres in biomedical ethics in the UK funded by the Wellcome Trust. He is also Director of the Institute for Science and Ethics, which is one of the 10 founding Institutes within the Oxford Martin School at the University of Oxford. In 2009 he was also awarded a major Arts and Humanities Research Council grant on Cognitive Science and Religious Conflict.

The Very Revd Edward Shotter - Honorary Vice-President

Dean Emeritus of Rochester and Amulree Fellow of the Institute of Medical Ethics, Ted Shotter was Director of Studies, London Medical Group, 1963-1989; founder of the Journal of Medical Ethics, 1975; Director (and founder), Institute of Medical Ethics, 1974-1989; Dean of Rochester, 1989-2003; Chairman, University of Greenwich Research Ethics Committee, 1995-2003; FRSM 1976. He was made Hon FRCP in 2007.

Dr Anne-Marie Slowther - Trustee

Anne Slowther 2Anne Slowther is Associate Professor of Clinical Ethics at Warwick Medical School and an Associate Fellow of the Ethox Centre, University of Oxford. At Warwick she leads the teaching of medical ethics and law in the MBChB and Masters programmes. Her research interests include evaluation of clinical ethics services, ethical decision making in primary care, and consent to research in vulnerable populations. Anne qualified from Manchester University and completed a Masters in Medical Ethics and Law at King’s College London and a DPhil in medical ethics at the University of Oxford. She is Chair of the Board of Trustees of the UK Clinical Ethics Network and also a practicing GP in Coventry.

Dr Anna Smajdor

Anna is a lecturer and researcher in biomedical ethics. Her research interests are focussed on the ethical implications of innovation and research in all areas of the biosciences, including: new reproductive technologies; research ethics and governance; justice and resource allocation. Her doctoral research, funded by the Wellcome Trust, was on the ethics of using artificial gametes in reproduction.

Professor Gordon M Stirrat - Honorary Vice President

GMSGordon Stirrat is currently Emeritus Professor of Obstetrics & Gynaecology and Research Fellow in Ethics in Medicine in the University of Bristol. He was Professor and Head of Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology in the University of Bristol (1982-2000); Dean of the Faculty of Medicine (1991-1993); and Pro-Vice-Chancellor (1993-1997). During this time he was instrumental in the establishment of the Centre for Ethics in Medicine in the University of Bristol. He served on the General Medical Council (1990-93) and was chairman of the Ethics Committees of the Royal College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists (2001-2004) and of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (2007-2010). From 2008 to 2011 he spearheaded the IME’s Education Project that resulted in, among other things, the production of the Core Content of Learning for Medical Ethics and Law for UK Medical Schools.

Julie Stone - Trustee

Julie stoneJulie Stone is an independent consultant in healthcare ethics and law. Current roles include Non-Executive Director of the Health Research Authority, Council Member of the General Osteopathic Council, Quality Assurance Inspection Lay Chair for the General Dental Council, and member of the Ministerial Advisory Group on Mental Health Strategy. A lawyer by background, Julie was formerly Deputy Director of the Council for Healthcare Regulatory Excellence, where she helped develop post-Shipman regulatory reforms. She has written and advised extensively on all aspects of healthcare regulation. Her main research areas are ethics, law and regulation of integrative medicine, and books in this area include Stone, J and Matthews J. (1996) Complementary Medicine and the Law (Oxford University Press) and Stone J. (2002) An Ethical Framework for Complementary and Alternative Therapists (Routledge).  Julie is a yoga teacher, and is feeding into the development of her local Health and Wellbeing Board.

Georgia Testa - Chair of The Education Committee

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I am the lead for medical ethics and law in Leeds Medical School, and also teach on both the BA and MA in Biomedical and Healthcare Ethics. Within the Philosophy department I have taught a number of different courses in applied ethics (Environmental Ethics, Ethics of War, and the Ethics of Life and Death). External activity includes involvement in the Journal of Research Ethics as case studies editor, and membership of the IME's Education Group.

Ellen Tullo - Membership Committee Member

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I graduated from Newcastle Medical School in 2004 and spent one year in clinical training before completing a Postgraduate MA in the History of Medicine. At this time I became increasingly involved in undergraduate teaching at the Medical School including medical ethics, communication skills and professional development.

Once back in clinical training, I made the decision to specialise in geriatric medicine however, missing academic work, I applied for and was granted a 3-year NIHR clinical fellowship in geriatrics. I pursued my interest in medical education, researching potential strategies to improve undergraduate medical education about dementia, a hitherto under-researched and under-resourced area. I completed a Postgraduate Diploma in Medical Education in 2012.

I now work as a teaching and research fellow at Newcastle NIHR Biomedical Research Centre (BRC) in Ageing and Chronic Disease, and am involved with a number of projects aiming to improve education and training about ageing in its broadest context. I am concurrently pursuing a PhD exploring the ways in which medical students interact with people with dementia, and the associated ethical challenges that may arise.

Revd Bryan Vernon - Treasurer

BGVOrdained as an Anglican priest, I am the "Product champion" for Ethics Teaching and Learning in Newcastle MBBS: since 1991 I have pioneered seminar-based ethics teaching throughout the course in an accessible form as part of the integrated curriculum. I organise a six week fourth year option in Medical Law. I am also Ethics module leader in the world’s first online MSc in Oncology and Palliative Care.

I chair HealthWORKS Newcastle, a health project based in Benwell in the West End of Newcastle, am an honorary University and Hospital Chaplain and General Secretary of the Governing Body of the Institute of Medical Ethics.  I am a member of the Newcastle Hospitals Clinical Ethics Committee. My major interest is to engage students with attractive and stimulating medical ethics and law teaching and to build a network of medical ethics and law teachers with enthusiasm for their subject who are committed to sharing good practice.

Dr Pirashanthie Vivekananda-Schmidt - Trustee

Vivekananda-SchmidtI have worked in Medical Education since 2002 and at Sheffield medical school since 2005. I am a chartered psychologist, Associate Fellow of the British Psychological Society and Senior Fellow of the UK Higher Education Academy (since July 2014). I completed my Postdoctoral research (funded by the Arthritis Research Campaign) with the Primary Care Sciences Research Centre at Keele University.

I developed a new programme in Medical Ethics and Law for the Sheffield MBChB programme which was first rolled out in 2009/2010. I am curriculum lead for the Personal and Professional Development theme and development of competencies in Ethics and law is a part of this. My research interests are technology enhanced learning, application of ethics, assessment and supporting student learning.